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Sterilization and castration of cats: differences and consequences

Caring owners are anxious about the health of their pets and will do everything to ensure that their pets are healthy and happy. It is often not so easy to decide what will be better for the pet. And in order to make an informed decision, you have to study a huge number of sources of information that may contradict each other.

In any case, first of all, you should understand what it is: castration and sterilization. Both of these procedures are aimed at terminating the breeding function and are applicable to animals of both sexes, despite the fact that many owners are convinced that the term “castration” refers only to cats, and “Sterilization” refers to cats.

What is castration and sterilization?
When sterilizing the animal, the genitals are not removed: the spermatic ducts are ligated to the cats, the fallopian tubes to the cats. At the same time, the production of sex hormones does not stop, which allows you to save the hormonal background. Castration of a cat or cat involves the removal of the sex glands: as a result of this operation, the reproductive function and the production of sex hormones cease.

Traditionally, cats are called sterilized, and cats are neutered, hence the confusion. For convenience, the same terminology is used in this article, although for the most part we are talking about the removal of the sex glands in both cats and cats.

Both of these procedures are performed using anesthesia, and in the case of cats it is also abdominal surgery, so it is important to know how to prepare for them and what to do in the postoperative period.

Sterilization and castration of cats: differences and consequences
How does surgery affect a pet’s health?
The results of many studies suggest that the life expectancy of sterilized animals is on average longer by 1.5–2 years.

Timely sterilization and castration can significantly reduce the risk of many diseases, such as:

Endometritis
Pyometer
Hydrometer
Polycystic Ovary
Immunodeficiency virus
Reproductive Oncology
Breast Cancer in Cats
Leukemia
How does the character of the pet change after sterilization?
After sterilization and castration, animals become more docile and manageable. They do not seek to escape, less often show aggression. They lose all hormonal problems and related behavior.

So, non-castrated cats that are on the street often get injured during the “sex hunt” or in “battles” with rivals. Cats can run away, get lost or get under cars. In addition, unsterilized animals are at high risk of contracting various infectious diseases.

However, after the operation, the risk of encountering these problems becomes significantly lower.

Myths related to castration and sterilization
Myth number 1.

We are not entitled to change what is intended by nature.

Man has long changed the natural course of life of animals that are now domestic: they do not live on the street, do not get their own food and do not feel the change of seasons. Therefore, it is important to bring “domestication” to the end: that is, adjust the habitat to the pet, and help the pet feel comfortable in a forced habitat.

At the same time, many owners tend to humanize their favorites, attributing to them the motives and desires inherent in the first place to man. But in the sexual behavior of animals, the leading role is played by instincts, not emotions.

Do not think that the cat is sad because she never had kittens, her desire to breed is physiological, and disappears with the removal of the sex glands.

Myth number 2.

We give pills, and we are fine.

Contraceptives can only be a temporary solution. All manufactured drugs are designed to stop estrus, and their prolonged use causes serious hormonal changes in the body, which can lead to the development of various diseases.

Contraceptives do not prevent pregnancy, especially with the joint maintenance of heterosexual individuals.

Myth number 3

The operation leads to weight gain.

Often, the development of obesity is associated with castration and sterilization. Indeed, against the background of a decrease in the production of sex hormones after castration and sterilization, the physical activity of the animal decreases and the feeling of hunger intensifies. However, overweight after surgery is almost always the result of excessive feeding.

If you take care in time to change the usual food for a special diet, compiled taking into account all the features and needs of neutered, sterilized animals, health problems can be easily avoided.

Myth number 4

Castrated cats develop urolithiasis

In the development of urolithiasis it is difficult to single out one reason, there are always several:

reduced fresh water intake
sedentary lifestyle and lack of ability to constantly mark territory
obesity and an unbalanced diet
Castration or Sterilization alone does not affect the development of urolithiasis.

If after the operation the owner does not take care of changing the usual diet to a special one, the cat or cat really runs the risk of not only gaining excess weight.

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