Cat at home
It is still not known exactly when exactly cats (Félis silvéstris cátus) began to live next to a person. Scientists talk about more than ten thousand years of successful partnership between humans and perfect predators – cat-like rodent hunters. The partnership between humans and the ancestors of the modern cat began with the transition of people to a settled life, the emergence of food storages and the need to protect them from mice and rats. For cats, the high concentration of rodent pests in human settlements, on the contrary, was very profitable, because cats could hunt in a small area with a high degree of efficiency – while at the same time benefiting people, and therefore without causing aggression against them. Gradually, the cat became one of the most important pets, and today it shares the first place in popularity with a dog.
For a long time of domestication, the wildlife of cats has not changed much. The physiology, anatomy and psychology of cats are still very similar to their ancestors – some of the most effective predators in the world. To create your cat comfortable living conditions in the house, while taking care of the health and well-being of the animal, it is important to know some rules. We will talk about them in this article.
HOW TO PREPARE THE HOUSE FOR THE APPEARANCE OF A CAT?
It should be remembered that before the appearance of the house of a kitten or an adult cat, you will need to make certain preparations:
domestic cats are curious, therefore it is necessary to remove all toxic substances and sharp objects (pins, needles, nails, etc.);
a big danger for cats is open windows, unprotected with nets – falling from windows in the summer is, unfortunately, quite common. Hinged-type windows are also potentially dangerous – a pet may get stuck in them and get a stifled chest injury;
most likely, you will not be able to influence the habit of cats to live in three dimensions. Therefore, simply remove fragile objects that a cat can easily drop (by accident or on purpose), and give the pet a certain freedom of movement;
be sure to buy a cat house – a place where she would feel completely safe. This is especially important if other animals live in the house, which can disturb the cat during sleep;
you need to buy a special scratching post; we recommend purchasing several pieces and placing them in convenient places for the animal;
the cat should have a place for the toilet, located separately from places of food and drink;
the cat at home needs free access to drinking water. It is better that the nursery has several sources of drinking water (2-3), and they should be placed so that food could not get there. Pay attention to specialized fountains and high-quality drinking bowls. It is better if the drinker is ceramic or metal, not too small. Fresh water should be available to the pet 24 hours a day. We recommend using bottled water and changing it regularly, regardless of whether the pet drank all the water or not;
finally, it is advisable to purchase special cat toys. It is better to buy them in specialized stores.
LIFE DURATION OF CATS
The average life expectancy of domestic cats is almost two times higher than that of wild cats, and is 14-17 years. It must be remembered that the “average life expectancy” captures both cats that have lived short lives and those centenarians who pass the 20-year mark.
How many years your cat will live is greatly affected by the level of veterinary services provided to the animal, the quality of food, and, of course, genetic factors.
HOW TO CARE FOR A CAT IN HOME?
Caring for a cat at home is usually not very difficult, here are some basic tips:
vaccination. It should be done annually, even if your cat does not leave the house;
treatment from fleas and ticks, as well as helminths – at least twice a year, despite the fact that the cat is not on the street, it can become infected with endo- and ectoparasites brought from the street on shoes or clothes, and such procedures will definitely not become superfluous . Remember that all the drugs that you will use against worms, ticks and fleas must be discussed with your veterinarian;
should you castrate your pet or not – it’s up to you. At the moment, the castration procedure is carried out effectively and safely in a veterinary blade or even at home. The only thing you need to know is that the procedure involves anesthesia, and although the risk is minimal, you still need to do all the necessary tests.
SKIN AND HAIR CARE
Shorthair cats are the least whimsical when it comes to hair care, and they support almost all skin and hair hygiene themselves. The coat of semi-long-haired and long-haired cats requires maximum care. It consists in regular (best daily) combing of wool and combing dead hairs. The movements should be soft and smooth so as not to cause discomfort to the animal.