The main diseases of cats
The development of veterinary medicine of small pets in our country began relatively recently. Even 30–40 years ago, most people did not even think of investing in the treatment of pets. Treated productive and economically useful animals. And if dogs with a stretch could be attributed to this group, cats did not fall into this category. The lack of demand for treatment of domestic cats did not allow the development of veterinary medicine in this area. The lack of knowledge among veterinarians and the general population led to the birth of myths about the impeccable health of cats: “cats practically do not get sick, and if they get sick, it’s incurable.” Unfortunately, the stereotype thus developed to this day prevents many cat owners from paying close attention to the health of their little friends and preventing their diseases. This article will introduce you to the most common cat diseases.
The signs of all diseases can be divided into specific and non-specific. Non-specific signs are manifested by the poor condition of the animal as a whole and are observed to varying degrees in almost all pathologies. These include: an increase in body temperature (above 39 ° C), a decrease in appetite, apathy, and a decrease in social activity. Specific signs of disease directly indicate the area of a possible problem.
The concept of the genitourinary system means the totality of the organs that form the urinary and reproductive systems: kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, ovaries, testes, uterus, prostate gland.
Diseases of these organs are manifested, as a rule, by a violation of their function and a demonstration of animal anxiety. The main specific signs of such pathologies include:
violation of normal urination (from frequent to complete absence);
pain during urination;
hematuria (the appearance of red blood cells in the urine);
the presence of mucus and blood on the genitals;
frequent licking of the genitals;
abdominal pain (pain in the abdomen).
Of the most common diseases that can manifest themselves in this way, it is worth noting kidney disease (acute and chronic renal failure), urolithiasis, inflammation of the bladder (idiopathic and infectious cystitis), inflammation of the urethra, and inflammation of the uterus – endometritis.
If you find the above symptoms, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible to get qualified advice, conduct the necessary diagnostics (ultrasound, blood and urine tests) and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Control of animal fluid intake in this situation can be considered not only prevention, but also, to some extent, treatment. Sufficient saturation of the body with water helps to improve urine production and reduce symptoms. To maintain sufficient cat fluid intake, a combination type of feeding is best suited for the daily use of dry and wet food. The use of wet food in this case helps to increase the level of moisture consumed.
The most effective methods for the prevention of diseases of the genitourinary system include compliance with feeding standards. So, in the diet, macro- and microelements must be balanced, they must contain sufficient amounts of vitamins and essential amino acids. Purina® PRO PLAN® cat foods are fully compliant with these standards. It has been proven that feeding cats with complete rations of Purina® PRO PLAN® helps maintain normal urine acidity and prevents the formation of urolithiasis. In the event that you feed your animal non-commercial food and cook it yourself, you should seek the advice of a professional veterinarian nutritionist.
DISEASES OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT
The organs of the gastrointestinal tract include not only the digestive tube itself, represented by the esophagus, stomach and intestines, but also the organs involved in the digestion of food (liver, gall bladder, pancreas).
Of the main diseases for this group of diseases, one can distinguish:
pathology of the liver (hepatopathy) and biliary tract: fatty degeneration of the liver, inflammation of the gallbladder and its ducts;
pancreatic pathology: pancreatitis;
diseases of the inflammatory origin: gastritis, enteritis, colitis, and non-inflammatory origin: tumors, helminthiases, protozoonoses are distinguished from pathologies of the digestive tube.
Often during the game, cats swallow inedible objects, which can cause serious disruptions to the gastrointestinal tract.
Specific symptoms of the above diseases are vomiting, diarrhea, or, conversely, constipation, the appearance of blood and / or mucus in the stool, discoloration of feces, increased salivation.