Kitten care and feeding
Normally, newborn kittens should receive full care and nutrition from their mom cat. But if this is not possible, the kitten can take care of the kittens. If you have newborn kittens in your arms, care and feeding should be special. We wrote a separate article about this.
Here we will talk about a more common situation, when a weaned kitten from his mother and his acquaintance with a new home occurs in 2-3 months. At this age, socialization takes place, the psyche is formed, character traits are already showing and habits are being developed. Then you need to start accustoming the kitten to hygiene procedures, so that this becomes a routine for him and does not cause stress in the future.
To train a kitten to this procedure is necessary gradually. Take him in your arms when he is in a calm mood. Pet your pet as usual and wait for it to relax. Next, try to gently press on the fingertip – this will expose the claw. Do this with all your fingers, and then encourage the kitten with a treat or regular food. Repeat these steps for several days without clipping the claws, so the pet will get used to it and will not wait for anything bad. Once again, doing this procedure, show the kitten scissors (nippers, tweezers) to trim the claws and put them next to it. When the pet gets used to the fact that the metal device is also harmless, you can start cutting. In order not to damage the blood vessels, the claw should be cut at the very tip. Repeat the procedure every 7-10 days so that the claws do not have time to become sharp.
Accustoming to combing out also needs to be begun from the very young age. Take the kitten in your arms and start with the usual strokes. Next, take a brush and gradually proceed to unobtrusive combing – usually this procedure does not cause discomfort to the kitten. Perform combing regularly, at least 2 times a week. This improves microcirculation of the skin, helps to remove old and dead hair, improves intestinal motility and allows timely detection of skin problems.
When choosing a brush, be guided by the length of the kitten’s coat. For kittens of short-haired breeds, an ordinary mittel brush is suitable, but Persians, Maine Coons and other owners of long hair will need to be more thoroughly combed out with a stiff brush – it will cope not only with the hair, but also with the undercoat.
Normally, the eyes are moistened with a tear secreted by the lacrimal glands. Sometimes, due to the pedigree and individual anatomical features, the tears in kittens can wet the hair around the eyes or form small crusts in their corners. To maintain eye hygiene, it is best to use special lotions – just moisten a cotton pad with them and carefully, but gently wipe the eyelids.
A small amount of earwax may accumulate in the ear canals. To maintain healthy ears, you must regularly clean your ear’s ear canals. Take a special lotion and drip a few drops in your ear. Then massage it and let the kitten shake out excess lotion. Thoroughly wipe the ear and clean it from the inside with a cotton pad and cotton swab.
Leading veterinary dermatologists agree that cats are not recommended for bathing. An exception is pollution, which the cat cannot clean itself. If the kitten is very dirty and swimming cannot be avoided, adhere to the following rules:
draw warm water into the sink or any suitable container;
dip the kitten in water, making sure that water does not get into the eyes and ears;
put it on any convenient surface and apply cat shampoo;
gently shampoo the shampoo;
return the kitten back to the sink;
rinse shampoo thoroughly with warm water;
let the water drain a little and wrap the kitten in a warm towel.
Try to prevent drafts while your pet is drying. After it dries, release it and let it lick.