Parasites in cats
Even 30 years ago, according to veterinarians, in the territory of Eastern Europe, about 90% of cats were constantly affected by several types of parasites. And even now, parasitic diseases are extremely common. If, for example, the owner takes his pet to the country in the summer, the risk of infection of the pet will increase significantly. In addition, there are parasites that live on the body of the animal constantly.
Recently, however, veterinary pharmacology has taken a big step forward, and the overall availability of antiparasitic drugs has increased. Moreover, with adequate medical care, most parasites today are significantly less dangerous than 30 years ago. But what are they? How can the owner recognize if his pet is infected? What to do if they happen?
WHAT TYPES AND SPECIES OF PARASITES IS ALLOCATED FOR TODAY?
Most often, parasites are distinguished by their location. So, external parasites (ectoprazites) include:
Fleas. They live in the coat of an animal.
Lice. Also found in cat hair.
Ear mites (otodectosis). They live in the ears of an animal.
Ixodid ticks. A cat can bring these parasites, for example, from a walk.
Internal parasites that live in the cat’s gastrointestinal tract are also isolated. Various helminths belong to this group: round and tapeworms and flukes, among which the most common nematodes and roundworms.
WHAT A CAT’S PARASITE CAN BE DANGEROUS?
Some types of parasites that are dangerous for cats can be dangerous for their owners: for example, some types of helminths, fleas
Parasites usually feed at the expense of their host: skin flakes, sebaceous gland secrets, blood (like a flea or hookworm). This often causes the animal pain and anxiety, and in severe cases, they can cause anemia – anemia.
Many blood-sucking parasites are carriers of dangerous diseases that can pose a risk to the life and health of the pet. These include, for example, infectious anemia in cats, which is transmitted by ticks and fleas.
Fleas can provoke various skin inflammations, and helminths significantly reduce the immune status of cats.
A sick pet can infect other animals living in your home.
HOW TO MAKE DIAGNOSTICS OF PARASITES UNDER HOME?
The correct answer is no way. The nuances of diagnosing parasites are too many, and some of them are too invisible to detect them, especially at first. Therefore, the cat should undergo regular medical examinations in your veterinary clinic, and you should not forget to monitor its health indicators.
Pay close attention to the skin and coat, the condition of the mucous membranes and the quality of the stool of your pet, and if any abnormalities occur, consult a doctor who will be able to correctly diagnose the disease and prescribe treatment if necessary.
WHAT SYMPTOMS ARE ALARM?
The doctor prescribes treatment for the pet, but you must be careful to discern the signs of a possible disease in time.
If you notice any of the symptoms listed below, consult your veterinarian immediately:
Helminths or their eggs in the feces or vomit of a cat;
Fleas, lice or ticks in the hair of a cat;
Strong scratching and traumatic hair loss;
General lethargy and malaise of the pet;
Pale mucous membranes, discoloration and texture of feces.
HOW TO PREVENT INFECTIOUS INFECTION?
Comprehensive protection of cats from parasites is to conduct regular preventive measures.
So, to combat internal parasites, it is recommended to use combined anthelmintic agents that effectively protect animals from most helminths. As a rule, once a quarter, broad-spectrum preparations are used in the form of tablets or suspensions in prophylactic doses.
Prevention of the appearance of external parasites in a cat consists mainly of external treatments in the warm season – from May to October. In the market for pet products, there are a large number of antiparasitic drugs. Currently, the most popular are simple to use and fairly effective drops that are applied to the skin of the pet in the withers area. To form stable protection against the entire spectrum of external parasites, it is sufficient to treat the animal once every 3-4 weeks.
For a final determination of the preparations for your cat and the frequency of their use, consult your veterinarian.