Bengal cat, bengal – a hybrid of domestic (Felis silvestris catus) and wild Bengal cat (Prionailurus bengalensis).
The story of the appearance of a Bengal cat deserves special attention and is very closely connected with the personality of the American genetic biologist Gene Mill (Sagden). Gene was engaged in breeding cats and breeding new breeds, studied genetic diversity and the possibility of increasing intraspecific diversity for these animals. In 1961, Gene Mill went on a business trip to Bangkok. Wild cats F. Bengalensis, close in size to domestic ones, lived in this region of Asia. At that time, this species was on the verge of extinction due to poaching: adult animals were exterminated due to the value and beauty of their skins, and small kittens were sold to tourists in the local market as live souvenirs. Jin bought a kitten and brought it home to the United States, giving him the name Malaysia. And although Malaysia remained an absolutely wild animal, it was she who inspired Jin to create a completely new breed of cats in the future. In the process of experiments, stage-by-stage crossing of wild cats and cats (including wild Bengal cats from India) with domestic cats and cats of different breeds, including Burma and Mau, was performed. Finally, after almost a decade of selection work and a large number of interspecific and interbreed breeding, Gene managed to breed a completely new breed with the character of a domestic cat and the appearance of a wild graceful predator.
To date, the Bengal cat breed is recognized by almost all felinological associations, and Bengal kennels are distributed around the world.
DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT. APPEARANCE
The weight of Bengal cats ranges from 4 to 7 kg (an average of 5-6 kg).
Bengals are 33–37 cm tall; males are usually larger and heavier than females. Bengal cats have an elongated muscular body with strong legs, and, like wild ancestors, the hind legs are much longer than the front. The tail is of medium length, with dense short hair and a rounded black tip. The head of a Bengal cat of an unusual wedge-shaped shape, slightly elongated in length and rounded along the line of the forehead. The ears are small, proportionate, with rounded ends. The muzzle is expressive, with clearly defined cheekbones. The eyes are almond-shaped or oval, set wide. Any color other than blue and aquamarine is acceptable for snow bengal (force link) – only pure intense blue.
The coat is thick, very beautiful, the undercoat is dense. The pattern acceptable for this breed is spots, sockets or stripes. The range of colors is very wide: from white to chocolate. Mandatory presence of a characteristic pattern (leopard).
CHARACTER AND FEATURES
There are legends about the allegedly uncontrollable nature of bengals and their indomitable hunting instinct, but all this is only partly true. Today, Bengal cats are well-suited for home keeping. Bengals have really well-developed primitive hunting instincts. At any age, they recognize active games – with balls and toys, laser pointers, they are always ready to take part in the pursuit or pursuit of the “victim”. Bengal cats get along well with dogs and other animals, with the exception of mice, hamsters and poultry – the bengal will certainly begin to hunt for them. When raising kittens, it is very important to accustom them to the hands, otherwise they can grow wild. It is important to carry out all the procedures of socialization and in the first months of life not to leave the cat for a long time alone. Grown in care and love, the bengal will be a faithful and affectionate pet, a real “home leopard.”
The care is not complicated: regular vaccination, parasite prophylaxis, providing proper nutrition, active games, bathing every two to three months (bengals usually favor water procedures) and, of course, the owner’s love is all that your cat needs.
PREPAREDNESS FOR DISEASES
The health of bengals, if these are animals from proven and reliable nurseries, is pretty good. Sometimes inflammatory bowel diseases, cardiomyopathies and urological disorders can occur, however, these diseases also occur in other cat breeds.
Contrary to popular myths, a Bengal cat should not be fed only meat. In the wild, the ancestors of cats had wide access to mouse-like rodents, birds and insects. Thus, their diet is adapted to animal food with impurities of vegetable (sources of fiber and carbohydrates), but it is completely impossible to put an equal sign between meat and all of the above. Therefore, the owner has two main options for feeding his Bengal cat: either choose a Super Premium class diet, or consult a veterinarian who can help you make a diet from various products with the obligatory addition of vitamins and minerals. The first option is preferable because the food specially developed for cats takes into account all the metabolic characteristics of these animals.