For starters, let’s figure out the terminology.
Castration is the removal of reproductive organs. In males, the testes (testicles) are removed, and in females, the uterus and ovaries are removed. The purpose of elective surgery in animals is to correct sexual behavior and eliminate the ability to reproduce offspring. Sterilization is a procedure aimed solely at eliminating or temporarily inhibiting the reproductive function of animals; sexual behavior and all secondary sexual characteristics remain unchanged. In the case of surgical intervention, manipulations are performed that are not related to the removal of the testes and ovaries.
Thus, sterilization of animals is inappropriate, since it does not meet the task – does not change sexual behavior and does not eliminate other unpleasant sexual characteristics (male urine retains a pungent odor). In the vast majority of cases (99%), veterinarians resort to castration of animals: castration of females and castration of males. Continue reading